In the current work, a custom-made vibration injection molding device that can provide oscillatory pressure was utilized to create an injection-molded hierarchical structure. Growth competition among α, β, and γ phases in the injection-molded structure can be studied because of the presence of this hierarchical structure, wherein shish-kebab and spherulite layers were arranged alternately along the thickness direction. The γ crystals only existed in layers subjected to high pressure and shear stress, whereas β crystals formed between the shear layers. The change in trend of the γ fraction was similar to that of parent-to-daughter ratio. In addition, this hierarchical and alternating crystal structure can sharply increase the mechanical properties.
Influence of Liquid Isoprene Rubber on Strain Softening of Carbon Black Filled Isoprene Rubber Nanocomposites
The reinforcement of rubbers by nanoparticles is always accompanied with enhanced dissipation of mechanical energy upon large deformations. Methods for solving the contradiction between improving reinforcement and reducing energy dissipation for rubber nanocomposites have not been well developed. Herein carbon black (CB) filled isoprene rubber (IR)/liquid isoprene rubber (LR) blend nanocomposites with similar crosslink density (νe) are prepared and influence of LR on the strain softening behaviors including Payne effect under large amplitude shear deformation and Mullins effect under cyclic uniaxial deformation is investigated. The introduction of LR could improve the frequency sensitivity of loss modulus and reduce critical strain amplitude for Payne effect and loss modulus at the low amplitudes. Meanwhile, tuning νe and LR content allows reducing mechanical hysteresis in Mullins effect without significant impact on the mechanical performances. The investigation is illuminating for manufacturing nanocomposite vulcanizates with balanced mechanical hysteresis and reinforcement effect.