Citation: Ting-ting Zhang, Mei-xi Zhou, Zhen-you Guo, You-bo Zhao, Di Han, Hao Xiu, Hong-wei Bai, Qin Zhang and Qiang Fu. Improving impact toughness of polylactide/ethylene-co-vinyl-acetate blends via adding fumed silica nanoparticles: Effects of specific surface area dependent selective distribution of silica[J]. Chinese J. Polym. Sci. doi: 10.1007/s10118-021-2565-4 shu

Improving impact toughness of polylactide/ethylene-co-vinyl-acetate blends via adding fumed silica nanoparticles: Effects of specific surface area dependent selective distribution of silica

  • Received Date: 2021-01-05

  • Adding fumed silica (SiO2) has been considered as an effective method to tailor the phase morphology and performance of elastomer-toughened plastic binary blends. It has been demonstrated that the selective distribution of SiO2 plays a decisive role in the mechanical properties, especially the impact toughness, of plastic/elastomer/SiO2 nanocomposites. In this work, we aim to illuminate the role of specific surface area in controlling their selective distribution of fumed SiO2 and consequent mechanical properties of plastic/elastomer binary blends. Three types of SiO2 with different specific surface areas were incorporated into polylactide/ethylene-co-vinyl-acetate (PLA/EVA) model blends by melt blending directly. It was found that the selective distribution of SiO2 is largely determined by their specific surface areas, i.e. SiO2 nanoparticles with low specific surface area has a stronger tendency to be located at the interface between PLA matrix and EVA dispersed phase as compared to those with high specific surface area. The specific surface area dependent interfacial selective distribution of SiO2 is mainly attributed to the extent of increased viscosity of EVA dispersed phase in which SiO2 nanoparticles are initially dispersed and resultant migration rate of SiO2 nanoparticles. The interfacial localized SiO2 nanoparticles induce an obvious enhancement in the impact toughness with strength and modulus well maintained. More importantly, in the case of same interfacial distribution, toughening efficiency is increased with the specific surface area of SiO2. Therefore, this is an optimum specific surface area of SiO2 for the toughening. This work not only provides a novel way to manipulate the selective distribution of SiO2 in elastomer-toughened plastic blends toward high-performance, but also give a deep insight into the role of interfacial localized nanoparticles in the toughening mechanism.
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