Citation: Wang, Z. Y.; Xu, G. Q.; Zhou, L.; Lv, C. D.; Yang, R. L.; Dong, B. Z.; Wang, Q. G. Isoselective ring-opening polymerization of racemic lactide catalyzed by N -heterocyclic olefin/(thio)urea organocatalysts. Chinese J. Polym. Sci. doi: 10.1007/s10118-021-2535-x shu

Isoselective Ring-opening Polymerization of Racemic Lactide Catalyzed by N-heterocyclic Olefin/(Thio)urea Organocatalysts

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  • The isoselective ring-opening polymerization of racemic lactide was achieved by combining N-heterocyclic olefin (NHO) with mono(thio)ureas or bis(thio)ureas as catalytic systems. The polymerization process shows high stereoselectivity, controllability and reactivity, delivering multi-block isotactic polylactides with high chain-end fidelity and narrow molecular weight distributions. The enhancement of catalytic performance was observed in the following order: bisthiourea (DTU) < monothiourea (TU) < bisurea (DU) < urea (U). The highest Pm (probability of forming a meso dyad) = 0.91 was observed at −70 °C when using NHO/U1 catalytic system and the high stereoselectivity was attributed to chain-end control mechanism.
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