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Combined Effects of Stretching and Nanofillers on the Crystalline Structure and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene and Single-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers

Yao Gao Gui-ying Zong Hong-wei Bai Qiang Fu

引用本文: Yao Gao, Gui-ying Zong, Hong-wei Bai, Qiang Fu. Combined Effects of Stretching and Nanofillers on the Crystalline Structure and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene and Single-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers[J]. 高分子科学(英文版), 2014, 32(2): 245-254. doi: 10.1007/s10118-014-1397-x shu
Citation:  Yao Gao, Gui-ying Zong, Hong-wei Bai and Qiang Fu. Combined Effects of Stretching and Nanofillers on the Crystalline Structure and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene and Single-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers[J]. Chinese J. Polym. Sci, 2014, 32(2): 245-254. doi: 10.1007/s10118-014-1397-x shu

Combined Effects of Stretching and Nanofillers on the Crystalline Structure and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene and Single-walled Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers

    通讯作者: Qiang Fu,
  • 基金项目: This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21034005 and 51121001).

摘要: The combined effects of stretching and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on crystalline structure and mechanical properties were systematically investigated in melt-spun polypropylene (PP) fibers prepared at two different draw ratios. The dispersion, alignment of the SWCNT bundles and interfacial crystalline structure in the composite fibers are significantly influenced by the stretching force during the melt spinning. The nanohybrid shish kebab (NHSK) superstructure where extended PP chains and aligned SWCNT bundle as hybrid shish and PP lamellae as kebab has been successfully obtained in the composite fibers prepared at the high draw ratio and the related formation mechanism is discussed based on the results of morphological observations and 2d-SAXS patterns. Large improvement in tensile strength and modulus has been realized at the high draw ratio due to the enhanced orientation and dispersion of SWCNT bundles as well as the formation of NHSK.

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文章相关
  • 通讯作者:  Qiang Fu,
  • 收稿日期:  2013-07-15
  • 录用日期:  2013-10-06
  • 网络出版日期: 
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
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